Kazakhstan is relatively well advanced in the social field. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of KAZ and acronym for Kazakhstan. Especially for employees at larger companies, the conditions are comparatively good. Old-age pensions are paid at the age of 60 for men and at 55 for women. In 1996, a new pension system was introduced that gradually raises the retirement age to 63 years for men and 58 years for women.
The sickness benefit has so far fully covered the loss of income. Unemployment and underemployment have long existed, but these problems have previously been hidden by the fact that it was in the interest of the state-owned industrial companies to have as large numbers of employees as possible in order to fulfill the plans. The necessity of economic reform means that subsidies on goods and services, such as housing, certain food and public transport, are now reduced or disappeared altogether. Kazakhstan is characterized by relatively good relations between the country’s many ethnic groups, but clashes have occurred. Some emigration of Russians and other non-Kazakh residents has taken place. There are 36 doctors per 10,000 residents (2012).
In May, Kazakhstan and China signed an agreement on the construction of gas pipelines from the Caspian Sea to the country’s western border.
In August, opposition leader Galymzhan Zhakiyanov was released after serving two of the seven years in prison he had been sentenced. He was sent by the government into internal exile just one month before the parliamentary elections.
In September-October, parliamentary elections, won by Nazarbayev and his party, won over half the seats in parliament. International observers characterized the election as questionable.
At the opening of a conference on foreign investment, conducted in Almaty in June 2005, Nazarbayev drew attention to the destabilizing effects of the rapid “import” of Western democracyhad in Central Asia. The President’s speech followed a series of popular uprisings, which according to. the leaders of the Central Asian republics were planned by the United States. Just a month before, the president had severely cracked down on demonstrations in the capital, and he now made the point that although the country gladly welcomed foreign investment in the oil industry, foreign companies had to adapt to the situation in Kazakhstan and be aware that democracy is a culture that is only slowly assimilated in the various countries. Acc. Nazarbayev was the road to prosperity a union among the republics around the Caspian Sea. Despite persistent rumors of widespread government-level corruption linked to foreign investment, the economic situation of the population as a whole was improving – according to.
The December 2005 presidential election was again won by Nazarbayev with 90% of the vote, giving him another seven years on the presidential post. Acc. election observers, however, the electoral process was far from Western standards. was linked to the intimidation of the opposition and the media’s right-wing bias – in favor of the government.
Kazakhstan works closely with Israel. Kazakhstan’s interests are purely business-related, while Israel is linking with Muslim countries that will not criticize the country for its continued occupation of Palestine.
Prime Minister Akhmetov resigned without further explanation in January 2007. He was replaced in the post by Deputy Minister Karim Masimov. In May, Parliament allowed Nazarbayev to extend his term as president indefinitely, granted him immunity from prosecution, and gave him full influence on the country’s domestic and foreign policy.
The OTAN government coalition was the parliamentary election in August with 88% of the vote. None of the opposition parties reached the 7% threshold. It prompted local media to criticize opposition leaders for lack of charisma. The opposition itself characterized the election as characterized by a wide range of irregularities.
Despite the irregularities in the political system, Kazakhstan was nevertheless designated in December to serve as OSCE chairman country in 2010.