The people of Mauritius have a standard of living that is among the highest in Africa. For example, the entire population has access to clean water. However, malnutrition among children is not uncommon. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MUS and acronym for Mauritius. Most deaths are caused by cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The prevalence of HIV/ AIDS has increased during the 1990s; approximately 1 percent of the population aged 15-49 is estimated to be infected (2009). About one child in 100 dies during their first year of life.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 28,270,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||3.80%|
|GDP per capita||$ 22,300|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||8th%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Top 10%||k. A.|
|Lower 10%||k. A.|
|Industrial production growth rate||2.80%|
|Investment volume||25.4% of GDP|
|National debt||64.00% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 5,068,000,000|
Mauritius has a relatively well-developed social insurance and health care system. Social insurance covers, inter alia, unemployment benefit, a need-tested contribution to families with more than three children under the age of 15 and, since 1978, a national pension insurance system. Healthcare is free and access is among the best in Africa; there are 33 hospital beds (2008) and eleven doctors (2004) per 10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available for all deliveries. Of the total government expenditure in 2009, 8 percent went to the health sector.
Discrimination against women is prohibited by law, as is violence against women in the home. Despite the latter, almost half of all women are estimated to have been subjected to abuse.
The proportion of girls is as high as the proportion of boys in both primary and secondary schools. However, women are underrepresented in both business and politics; only about half of women are professionals and 20 percent of the country’s MPs are women.