Sao Tome and Principe is a country located in the Gulf of Guinea in Central Africa. It has an area of 1,001 square kilometers and a population of approximately 200,000 people. The ethnic composition of Sao Tome and Principe is mainly African, with other minority groups including Portuguese, English, French, and Chinese. The majority of the population are adherents to Christianity, with around 97% following the religion and the rest being either Muslim or other faiths. Education is compulsory for children up to the age of 16 and the literacy rate is estimated to be around 90%. The official language is Portuguese but there are also many other languages spoken throughout the country such as Forro, Angolar Creole, French Patois, and Lunguí. The capital city Sao Tome has an estimated population of over 50,000 people making it the largest city in Sao Tome and Principe. Check hyperrestaurant to learn more about Sao Tome and Principe in 2009.
São Tomé and Príncipe have one of the world’s lowest per capita GDP and half the population lives in poverty (under US $ 2 per day). Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of STP and acronym for Sao Tome and Principe. However, most have access to clean water and health care is comparatively well developed; there are 32 hospital beds and five doctors per 10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available at just over 80 percent of deliveries. In 2009, 13 percent of government spending on health care was spent. Common causes of death are lung disease, malaria, and cardiovascular disease. Nearly a child of twenty dies during their first year of life. The country is lacking in international statistics on the incidence of HIV/AIDS, but according to estimates, 1-4 percent of the population is infected.
Violence against women is prohibited, even in the home, but is still common. Almost half of the women are professionals. On the other hand, the proportion of girls is as high as that of boys in school. Of the country’s MPs, 18 percent are women. Check to see Sao Tome and Principe population.