In 2014, public expenditure on health care amounted to 4.6 percent of GDP. A significant portion of the population suffers from malaria; Diarrhea and malaria are common causes of death.
The traditional extended family system lives on and provides social security for the residents. At the same time, the traditional, collective ownership of the land is an obstacle to the modernization of the country’s business. The government has generously distributed forest harvesting permits to foreign companies. It has met with strong popular resistance. Solomon Islands probably has the most extensive mute economy in the Pacific. Corruption and economic illegality have become increasingly common, both at the government level and within the administration and the private sector. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of SLB and acronym for Solomon Islands.
People and society
95.3 percent of the population are Melanesians, 3.1 percent are Polynesians and 1.2 percent are Micronesians (2000). In addition, there are Chinese and Europeans. 85 percent of the population lives in villages. More than 300 islands are inhabited.
Life expectancy at birth is 77.64 years for women and 72.27 years for men. 56.2 percent of the population is younger than 25 years (2014). About 10 percent of the population has blonde hair because of a gene variant.
English is the official language. There are about 70 local languages and dialects as well as pidgin English.
73.4 percent of the population are Protestants while 16.5 percent are Roman Catholic. The rest belong to cultic faiths.