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Africa - Health conditions

Illness and health conditions are strongly characterized by poverty, troubled political conditions accompanied by civil wars, and by the special climatic conditions. Child and maternal mortality rates are high, the birth rate is similar (over three times as high as in Denmark), and the average life expectancy is approx. 20 years shorter than the Danes.

Africa - Health conditions

Organized disease treatment is centered in the big cities and therefore out of reach for large sections of the population; the primary health service is sought to be expanded with the help of international organizations. Often, only 1% of gross domestic product is spent on health, compared to 6-7% in Denmark.

The widespread malnutrition and malnutrition forms the basis of the starvation disease kwashiorkor and infections that occur more frequently and have a more severe course of mortality than in our part of the world; poorer water and sanitation conditions also contribute. Traffic accidents and illnesses caused by alcohol and tobacco play an increasing role.

Tropical diseases malaria, carharziosis, yellow fever and sleeping sickness are found where there is humidity and warmth. In drier areas (eg the Sahel area), extensive epidemics of meningitis occur. Egyptian eye disease is frequent in dry areas and often causes blindness. Respiratory tract infection, diarrhea (cholera, dysentery and typhoid), intestinal worms, polio and infectious liver inflammation are common infectious diseases.

The prevalence of AIDS has been increasing rapidly. In the worst affected countries, 10-30% of young adults are infected, most often by heterosexual transmission; HIV-infected pregnant women can pass the infection on to newborns. Fighting is hampered by poor economy, war, drought, flooding as well as cultural traditions and prejudice.

Environmental problems

The threat to nature is one of the major problems in Africa. The causes must be sought in the rising poverty and in the changes that characterized the continent in the 1900s. According to Countryaah, the population has grown and production has been transformed from self-sufficiency to a production that includes sales and exports to a greater extent. The population pressure has led to a shortening of the soil's agricultural life, and the traditional nature adaptation of the nomadic communities is threatened by modern agriculture, enclosures and infrastructure expansion.

In many countries, the difficult economic situation, and in some places also the government's development policy, has led to urban growth. This has led to extensive slum buildings on the outskirts of most major cities. These neighborhoods have their own environmental problems in the form of inadequate water supply, renovation and sewerage; in combination with miserable housing conditions, the result is high morbidity and mortality, especially among children. Air pollution can be a major problem in the largest industrial cities and in densely populated districts, and in most cities, wastewater is discharged unclean with hygiene problems. In some countries, the prospect of monetary earnings has led the government to accept environmentally hazardous waste from the countries.

Africa Environmental problems

Africa - infrastructure

The continent's colonial past is clearly seen in the infrastructure. Selected areas (mines, plantation areas) in the interior of Africa are linked to a port city, while connections between countries are often poor.

This export-oriented infrastructure is most clearly seen in the rail network, which is completely incoherent, but it also applies to the road network, which is of greater importance. The development of trans-African highways is a high priority, but requires large investments. The road network is consistently poorly developed with major capacity problems; moreover, many dirt roads are impassable during the rainy season. The bad roads cause a great deal of wear and tear on the means of transport, and as there is often a shortage of these, the existing ones are overloaded, which further degrades the road network.

The port capacity is also limited, with large waiting times for the ships. Despite some investments, including aid, only a few African ports have adequate facilities, including container handling equipment.

Africa - infrastructure

Countries in Africa
  1. Algeria
  2. Angola
  3. Benin
  4. Botswana
  5. Burkina Faso
  6. Burundi
  7. Cameroon
  8. Cabo Verde
  9. Central African Republic
  10. Chad
  11. Comoros
  12. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  13. Djibouti
  14. Egypt
  15. Equatorial Guinea
  16. Eritrea
  17. Eswatini
  18. Ethiopia
  19. Gabon
  20. Gambia
  21. Ghana
  22. Guinea
  23. Guinea-Bissau
  24. Ivory Coast
  25. Kenya
  26. Lesotho
  27. Liberia
  28. Libya
  29. Madagascar
  30. Malawi
  31. Mali
  32. Mauritania
  33. Mauritius
  34. Morocco
  35. Mozambique
  36. Namibia
  37. Niger
  38. Nigeria
  39. Republic of the Congo
  40. Rwanda
  41. Sao Tome and Principe
  42. Senegal
  43. Seychelles
  44. Sierra Leone
  45. Somalia
  46. South Africa
  47. South Sudan
  48. Sudan
  49. Tanzania
  50. Togo
  51. Tunisia
  52. Uganda
  53. Zambia
  54. Zimbabwe

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